Conclusions: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe, effective

\n\nConclusions: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a safe, effective procedure providing improved fast and uncomplicated patient recovery independent of the type of adrenal lesion. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy can be easily introduced and may soon replace traditional open surgery in specialized centers.”
“In neocortical epilepsy, we showed that the seizure onset defined by ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFO: >= 70 Hz) with subsequent evolution into slower frequency activity (i.e., HFOs+) learn more was smaller in spatial distribution than that defined by conventional frequency activity (1-70 Hz), and that

resection of HFO+ areas resulted in favorable seizure outcome. This study further investigates ictal broadband EEG in the same cohort of patients by examining the infraslow activity, including ictal baseline (“direct current”) shifts (IBS) and peri-ictal infraslow activity (0.02 to 0.2 Hz). The seizure onset zone had been defined and resected based on HFO+ by a prospectively defined protocol. We reviewed 11 representative seizures from 6 patients by visual and spectral analyses using appropriate filters and timescales. The HFO seizure onset, in the high gamma or ripple frequency, preceded or followed the IBS closely (< 300 ms). Selleckchem AZD0530 The IBS were negative or positive, similar to 1 mV in amplitude and 2 to 3 seconds long. Although the HFO+ were always ipsilateral

to the surgical hemisphere, the IBS could be ipsilateral or contralateral. Compared with conventional frequency activity, the HFO+ and IBS were significantly smaller in spatial distribution and likely to be concordant. The peri-ictal infraslow activity consisted of distinct periodic or rhythmic (0.12 to 0.16 Hz) patterns, poorly concordant with IBS or HFO+. Although not statistically significant, better seizure outcome tended to correlate

with smaller seizure onset zones and more selleck complete resection of the HFO+ and IBS contacts. We conclude that IBS, like HFO+, define a smaller seizure onset zone and probably a more accurate epileptogenic zone in neocortical epilepsy.”
“The plant family Labiatae (Lamiaceae) is known for its fine medicinal and aromatic herbs like lavender, mint, oregano, sage and thyme and is a rich source of essential oils for the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. Besides its great economic importance, the Labiatae family contributes significantly to the endemic flora of Greece and Turkey. Owing to its economic and biological significance and to the difficult identification based on morphological characters of several of its taxa, the Labiatae family is an ideal case for developing DNA barcodes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of DNA barcoding on a local scale in discriminating Labiatae species in Chios Island (Greece) and the adjacent Cesme-Karaburun Peninsula (Turkey).

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